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Pregnant and Expat: Birth Practices from Around the World and in The Netherlands

A World of Prenatal Practices

When you're pregnant, it's fascinating to explore how different cultures approach prenatal care. If you are pregnant and expat in the Netherlands, you may also want to explore the culture and traditions of your home country as compared to those in the Netherlands. Every culture has its own unique customs, beliefs, and practices designed to support and nurture expectant mothers. While the goal is the same—to ensure the health and well-being of both mother and baby—the methods can vary widely.

Asian Wisdom

In many Asian cultures, pregnancy is seen as a time to balance the body’s energy. In China, traditional practices often include acupuncture and herbal remedies. These methods aim to maintain the flow of life energy, keeping you balanced and healthy. You might find Chinese pregnant women enjoying soups and teas made from herbs specifically chosen for their nourishing properties. It's believed these help strengthen the body and promote a smooth pregnancy.

In India, Ayurveda plays a significant role in prenatal care. This ancient system of medicine emphasizes a holistic approach, focusing on diet, lifestyle, and natural remedies. Expectant mothers may follow a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and dairy. Gentle yoga and meditation are also common practices, helping to keep you relaxed and centered during pregnancy.

If you're curious to learn more about how to nurture a mother during pregnancy inspired by traditional Chinese medicine and Ayurveda, you can read more in the book Nine Golden Months - The Essential Art of Nurturing the Mother-To-Be by Heng Ou.

Ayurvedic food for pregnancy


Many African cultures offer prenatal traditions that are rooted in community and spirituality. In many African societies, pregnancy is a communal experience, with family and community members playing supportive roles. Rituals and ceremonies often mark significant stages of pregnancy, providing emotional and spiritual support.

Latin America

One cherished tradition in Mexico is the "baby shower," known as a "fiesta de la canastilla". This joyous event is a time for family and friends to gather, offering gifts and blessings for the unborn baby. It’s a wonderful way to share the excitement and prepare for the arrival of your little one.

Another beautiful tradition in Latin America is the practice of “la cuarentena.” After giving birth, new mothers observe a 40-day period of rest and recovery. During this time, family members take over household duties, allowing the mother to bond with her newborn and regain her strength. This tradition underscores the importance of community support during the postpartum period, ensuring the new mother feels cherished and cared for.

The Middle East

Middle Eastern cultures have their own distinctive prenatal practices, often blending traditional and modern approaches. In some countries, pregnant women might follow a diet rich in dates, nuts, and dairy products, believed to provide essential nutrients for both mother and baby. Dates, in particular, are often celebrated for their health benefits, including promoting labour.


Europe and The Netherlands

European countries all have their unique approaches to prenatal care. Dutch prenatal care emphasizes the natural process of childbirth, often avoiding unnecessary medical interventions. Dutch women often maintain an active lifestyle during pregnancy, with regular biking and walking being common.

Tradition and Modern Care

In addition to the many traditions around the world, modern prenatal care has evolved to try and incorporate the best of both worlds. Today, many expectant mothers may choose to combine traditional methods with contemporary medical care. Regular check-ups, ultrasound scans, and prenatal vitamins are now common across the globe, helping to ensure the health and safety of both mother and baby.

No matter where you are in the world, the journey of pregnancy is a unique and special experience. Embracing diverse prenatal practices can enrich this journey, offering you new insights and ways to connect with your growing baby.

Traditional Birth Support Roles

When you're pregnant, having the right support can make a world of difference. Traditional birth support roles have been essential across cultures for centuries, providing emotional, physical, and practical assistance to expectant mothers. These roles not only help you feel more comfortable and confident during childbirth but also create a sense of community and continuity. Let's explore these invaluable support roles and how they can enrich your pregnancy and birthing experience.


Midwives are often considered the cornerstone of traditional birth support. Their role is deeply rooted in history, and they are celebrated in many cultures for their expertise and compassionate care. When you're pregnant, a midwife can be your guide, offering advice and support throughout your journey. They are trained professionals who can assist with prenatal care, labour, birth, and postpartum recovery.

Midwives emphasize natural childbirth and strive to create a calm and reassuring environment for you. They are there to monitor your health and your baby's health, provide education, and offer emotional support.

Midwife supporting mother at home birth


Doulas are another essential part of traditional birth support. Their primary role is to provide emotional and physical support during labour and birth. When you're pregnant, a doula spends time getting to know you in order to help you explore what you want from your birth and how she can best support you. Unlike midwives, doulas are not medical professionals, but they are knowledgable about birth and their presence can be incredibly comforting and beneficial.

Doulas offer continuous support, which can include everything from helping you manage pain naturally to encouraging you and your partner during the birthing process. They can also assist with breathing techniques, relaxation exercises, and positions to ease discomfort during labour. Having a doula by your side means having someone dedicated to ensuring your emotional well-being, helping you feel more empowered and less stressed during childbirth.

Medical Care

While traditional birth support roles remain invaluable, modern times have seen a blend of these practices with contemporary medical care. Today, many expectant mothers choose to combine the wisdom of traditional birth support with the benefits of modern healthcare. This approach allows for a personalized birthing experience that honors cultural traditions while ensuring the best possible medical outcomes.

For instance, you might have a midwife or doula alongside your obstetrician in a hospital setting. This combination can provide the best of both worlds when needed: the emotional and holistic support of traditional roles with the advanced medical care available in hospitals. The goal is to create a birthing plan that aligns with your preferences and needs, making your pregnancy and childbirth journey as comfortable and positive as possible.

The Dutch Approach - When You are Pregnant and Expat

In the Netherlands, the approach to childbirth is quite unique and deeply rooted in tradition. Pregnant women in the Netherlands often receive care from midwives, who play a central role throughout the pregnancy and birth. Home births are relatively common.

Midwives in the Netherlands are highly trained and trusted professionals. They focus on promoting natural childbirth and minimizing medical interventions unless necessary. If you choose to give birth at home, a midwife will be there to guide you through every step, ensuring both your safety and comfort. This approach fosters a more intimate and personalized birthing experience, allowing you to feel at ease in your own environment.

Another unique aspect of Dutch birth support is "kraamzorg," a postpartum care system. After giving birth, a maternity nurse, or kraamverzorgster, will visit your home daily for the first week. This service is designed to help you recover, provide baby care, and offer practical support like household chores. It's a wonderful way to ensure you receive ample care and attention during those crucial early days of motherhood.

Community when Pregnant and Expat

In many cultures, community and family support play a significant role in the childbirth experience. When you're pregnant, having your loved ones around can be incredibly reassuring.

One of the major struggles for expat families giving birth abroad, is often the distance to close family and friends during this time. For these parents it is often extra important to find support and connection within other communities.

Embracing traditional birth support roles can enrich your pregnancy experience, offering you the care, comfort, and confidence you need. Whether you have a midwife guiding you, a doula cheering you on, or family and friends surrounding you, these roles create a nurturing environment that supports both you and your baby. So, as you navigate your pregnancy, take comfort in the timeless traditions and modern options available to you, ensuring a safe and joyful journey into motherhood.

Choosing Birth Location

Choosing where to give birth is a significant decision, especially when you're pregnant and considering cultural sensitivities. Birth locations are not just about comfort and safety; they are also about honoring traditions and values. Different cultures have unique practices and preferences for birth settings, and being aware of these can help you make an informed choice. Let's look at different birth locations and explore how you can choose the best place for your baby's arrival.

Home Births

Home births are cherished in many cultures for their intimacy and adherence to tradition. When you're pregnant and considering a home birth, you're choosing a setting that offers comfort and familiarity. In the Netherlands, for example, home births are quite common and supported by the healthcare system. Midwives provide comprehensive care, ensuring that the birth is safe and well-managed right in the comfort of your home.

Birth Centers

Birth centers offer a middle ground between home births and hospital births. They are designed to provide a home-like environment with the added benefits of medical support. In birth centers, births are attended by midwives, offering personalized care and support.


Hospitals are a popular choice for many pregnant women due to their advanced medical facilities, trained staff, and access to pain relief. Choosing a hospital birth doesn't have to mean that you need to make sacrifices on other preferences. You still have a lot of options available to you, and many hospitals strive to accommodate different preferences (e.g. water births) and ensure that you feel respected and understood.

When choosing a hospital, look for one that aligns with your needs and preferences. You can ask about their policies regarding birth plans, certain practices or other topics which matter to you. Should you have specific cultural needs and preferences it is important to communicate these to your healthcare providers, so you can create a birth experience that feels both safe and respectful.

No matter where you choose to give birth, incorporating cultural practices can make the experience more meaningful. When you're pregnant, think about the rituals and traditions that are important to you and your family. These might include specific prayers, music, or symbolic items that hold cultural significance. Communicate these preferences to your midwife, doula, or healthcare team to ensure they are included in your birth plan.

Choosing Your Birth Team when Pregnant and Expat

Building a supportive birth team is crucial when you're pregnant and aiming for a culturally sensitive birth. This team might include midwives, doulas, healthcare providers, and family members who understand and respect your cultural practices. Having a team that is aware of your cultural needs can help you feel more comfortable and empowered during childbirth.

Choose team members who have experience with culturally sensitive care and are open to learning about your specific traditions. A doula, for example, can be a wonderful advocate for your cultural preferences, helping you make sure that your needs are communicated and respected. By surrounding yourself with a supportive team, you can create a birth experience that honors your cultural background and provides the care you need.

Embracing Your Culture and Individual Needs During Pregnancy

Embracing cultural and individual sensitivity in choosing a birth location is about more than just the physical setting; it's about creating a space where you feel respected and understood. When you're pregnant, the cultural aspects of childbirth can be just as important as the medical ones. By considering your cultural values and practices, you can make informed decisions that enhance your birthing experience.

Remember, the most important thing is that you feel safe, supported, and empowered as you bring your baby into the world. Whether you choose a home birth, a birth center, or a hospital, ensuring that your cultural needs are met can make the experience more fulfilling and positive. Embrace the richness of your cultural heritage and let it guide you in creating a birth experience that feels uniquely yours.


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